MUSIC The idea of the interaction design team for the start home came from this realization that, in fact, a lot of a home's energy use is not just the structure, a lot of it came from user behavior. That threw us into the world of product design. So how can we design this product with this experience for this person, this user So what that meant was a lot of brainstorming. We spent a lot of time over a year and a half thinking very carefully, talking to a lot.
Of people about what they do when they turn the lights on, when they shower, when they brush their teeth. Trying to figure out where would the right opportunities for us be to intervene and redesign part of the house, part of that interaction experience. The room switch was designed so that with one simple touch the outlets and lights in the room would go off, so that your room wasn't consuming any more energy than it had to be when you weren't in it. The handsfree leg operated sink, is designed so that off is always effortless.
Stanford Start.Home Solar Panels
We decided to go with thin film. We liked that it was a pretty new technology that's actually getting better and better. There's a lot of great things about it. First, it's a lot cheaper than monocrystalline and it's also uses a lot less material. It's just a thin sheet of glass then, then the semiconductor layer. And so we really like that about these panels. And with a onthegrid system, like our house, you're actually selling electricity back to the grid. And then the great thing about it is that you produce the.
Most PV energy, photovoltaic energy during the day, when the sun's out. And that's actually when you would pay the most for it from the electric company. And so you're selling it back at those critical peak demand times, reducing the overall load on the system. We're using a standing steamed sheet metal roof, and it has these ridges in it so that you can actually use these clip products and just attach the, the PV panels to the roof. So that really reduces the amount of time it takes to install these PVs.
Why Teslas Powerwall Battery Is Amazing
All of humanity just won a really important victory in our battle to lower the CO2 emissions that are causing climate change. Tesla CEO Elon Musk introduced the world to the Powerwall, a wallmounted battery for your house which aims to accelerate our transition to clean solar and windpower. Before the powerwall, there was no way to store the energy generated from the panels that capture sunlight on our roofs. So during the day they could give you the power you needed, but at night, you had to rely on the grid, which gets most of its.
Electricity from coal, natural gas, and nuclear reactors. There had been some early home batteries out there, but nothing that was nearly this affordable. But Tesla, which has built thousands of large, lithiumion battery packs for its growing electric car business, was able to produce a similar battery for buildings at a scale that dropped the production costs dramatically. The lowest capacity model will cost just $3,000. And this is the first generation of the productbefore Tesla's even completed building its massive new Gigafactory, or any real competitors have entered the market, events that will surely push the price down.
Even further, while increasing the energy storage capacity of the Powerwall. Here's how it works. When the sun is out, solar panels will power your house and charge the Powerwall at the same time. And when the sun goes down, this charged battery will kick in to meet most or all of your electricity needs until the sun comes back up again the next morning. This is gamechanging. More and more people will go completely offgrid. Every building whether it's a home, office, business, warehouse, factory they can all.
Install solar panels and some Powerwalls and instantly see their fossil fuelgenerated electricity needs drop significantly. Not every building will be able to go completely solarpowered, but most will get pretty close, especially as our appliances become more and more energy efficient. And it gets even better. The powerwall will be connected to the Internet and the rest of the energy grid. Here in Southern California, and most other heavily populated places, the electricity company charges us a lot more when we use electricity during peak timethat's in the afternoon and early evening when the temperatures are warmest and most of us are.
Home and still awake. The Tesla battery is smart, and knows when electricity is cheapest, so that's when it will draw from the grid to charge itself. And then, during peak time when you need electricity, the battery will power the house. Sometimes, you'll be able to sell back unused power to the utility company during peak time to even make a profit. It's basically going to make each individual building its own power station. Overnight, Tesla seems less a futuristic car company, and more like the man who inspired the company's name, a revolutionary electricity engineer named Nikola.
Thanks for watching. If you liked this tutorial, help the conversation spread by hitting that thumbs up button. For TDC, I'm Bryce Plank. on the screen to watch more TDC, like our tutorial running down ten possible clean energy sources of the future or the ten fastest electric cars on the road. You can click to go back on our channel or take us up on our offer for a free audiobook of your choice from Audible, like the soontobereleased profile of Elon Musk. You have to put your credit card number in, but you get to try the service without charge for a whole month,.
Solar powered air conditioning
Music playing Narrator Over 50 percent of the greenhouse gas emissions you produce in your home are generated by heating, air conditioning and hot water. In other words keeping your home warm in winter, cool in summer with nice hot water on tap is emitting 2.5 to 5 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions each year. It also contributes a hefty amount to your electricity bill, between 50 to 60 percent. CSIRO has invented a new solar air conditioning system for Australian homes. This technology solution will reduce Australia's emissions, reduce your energy.
Bills and reduce our demand for electricity and gas. If every home in Australia installed our solar cooling technology it would be the equivalent of saving 15 mega tonnes of CO2 or taking 3.5 million cars off the road. CSIRO's solar air conditioning is an innovative three in one technology that provides hot water, cooling and heating. It uses only a fraction of the electricity of current systems and halves greenhouse gas emissions. The process begins with a typical solar hot water system. Water is heated by solar panels and stored in the hot water tank.
This solar hot water can then be used throughout the home, reducing the need for gas or electricity. A portion of the hot water is diverted into CSIRO's new solar air conditioning unit, which is divided into two compartments. The hot water enters a heat exchanger in the first compartment of the unit. Similar to a car radiator the heat exchanger uses the hot water to heat outside air that has been drawn into the first compartment through the vent. At the same time outside air is also being drawn into the second compartment into a desiccant wheel.
The desiccant wheel is the most critical part of the system. It is used to dry out the air before it goes into the house. Slowly turning the desiccant material in the wheel continuously absorbs moisture in the second compartment and then the absorbent material dries out in the first compartment. The desiccant material is dried out using the hot dry air generated by the heat exchanger. This air is then exhausted outside the home. The dry air from the desiccant wheel flows through an indirect evaporative cooler which creates a stream of cool dry air.
Stanford Start.Home Building Materials
We took the idea of sustainability beyond just energy and water into our materials. And we used reclaimed redwood and Douglas Fir that came off of houses from 40 to 50 years ago all over the South Bay. The wood was remilled up at Jasper Ridge where the house is going to finally rest, and brought down to us at the university and installed throughout the home. So it gives us a really beautiful finish as well as the advantage of not having used any brand new trees. All of our structure and walls were built.
Out of a structural insulated panel system which comes as prefabricated wall sections with four to eight inches of foam sheathed in two pieces of plywood. That made it really easy for us to build the house quickly and get a very airtight house and a high insulation value across the whole structure. Continuing that theme, we used windows that give you the same energy efficiency as standard double pane windows in the glass, but also use a frame that doesn't have vinyl. So you don't have the toxic byproducts of typical windows that are on the market.
Another cool product that we use is a phase change material that we installed in the ceiling below the drywall. And what this does is it melts as the house warms up during the day to absorb a lot of heat right around 72 degrees Fahrenheit, where you're most comfortable, without actually changing the interior temperature of the room. So it stores all that heat during the day and then when it starts to cool down at night, rereleases it by freezing back into a solid gel, therefore allowing the house to stay warm later into the.
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