Saving Energy with Solar Power Using Solar Panels for Water Heaters
What you see here is a solar water heater. So totally different to photovoltaic or to solar electricity. This one is just using the sun to heat up water. And when you look close, I opened it up for you that you can see what's going on there. In here is just a copper pipe. And down there, this is a copper pipe. And on the top there, you see another copper pipe. So now the sun is shining on this whole thing and down here the water is cool and it gets warm because all these metal plates take the heat from the sun and feed.
It into these pipes you see behind there. So when the water gets warm, it goes up and then it feeds in this main pipe up there and there you have hot water. Down there it's still cool, up there it's hot. And there the pipe comes out and this pipe runs into our water heater and is heating the water in the water heater for free. So this thing here is not really sophisticated. You can buy it today much better systems with a higher efficiency. This one is in the moment 30 years old and works for 30 years. And without any problems.
Solar powered air conditioning
Music playing Narrator Over 50 percent of the greenhouse gas emissions you produce in your home are generated by heating, air conditioning and hot water. In other words keeping your home warm in winter, cool in summer with nice hot water on tap is emitting 2.5 to 5 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions each year. It also contributes a hefty amount to your electricity bill, between 50 to 60 percent. CSIRO has invented a new solar air conditioning system for Australian homes. This technology solution will reduce Australia's emissions, reduce your energy.
Bills and reduce our demand for electricity and gas. If every home in Australia installed our solar cooling technology it would be the equivalent of saving 15 mega tonnes of CO2 or taking 3.5 million cars off the road. CSIRO's solar air conditioning is an innovative three in one technology that provides hot water, cooling and heating. It uses only a fraction of the electricity of current systems and halves greenhouse gas emissions. The process begins with a typical solar hot water system. Water is heated by solar panels and stored in the hot water tank.
This solar hot water can then be used throughout the home, reducing the need for gas or electricity. A portion of the hot water is diverted into CSIRO's new solar air conditioning unit, which is divided into two compartments. The hot water enters a heat exchanger in the first compartment of the unit. Similar to a car radiator the heat exchanger uses the hot water to heat outside air that has been drawn into the first compartment through the vent. At the same time outside air is also being drawn into the second compartment into a desiccant wheel.
The desiccant wheel is the most critical part of the system. It is used to dry out the air before it goes into the house. Slowly turning the desiccant material in the wheel continuously absorbs moisture in the second compartment and then the absorbent material dries out in the first compartment. The desiccant material is dried out using the hot dry air generated by the heat exchanger. This air is then exhausted outside the home. The dry air from the desiccant wheel flows through an indirect evaporative cooler which creates a stream of cool dry air.
Solar Water Heater System
We install our gas boosted solar hot water system. The collector panels are mounted on the garage roof directly above the storage tank. The gas booster is adjustable so we can fine tune the hot water supply to maximise its efficiency. Getting the temperature right means you don't have to mix in too much cold water. Once it is up and running, the system is bled and we are ready to roll. The panels are on the north face of the house and angled at about 9 degrees. Because we are installing the storage tank inside the garage it will need to be flumed out into.
The atmosphere to comply with safety regulations. This is part of our gas boosted hot water system installation. It's called the water guardian and what it does, when you turn on the hot tap instead of allowing the cold water to run out first before the hot water arrives it recycles it back into the storage tank. Just press the button, it comes on we wait for it to stop There we are, piping hot water strait away. This device saves 16000 litres of water per annum per outlet. Worth doing.
How to Install Solar Panels Wiring for Solar Panels
Alright! We've got the panels mounted and now we're ready to connect the wiring that brings the power down to our charge controller which is located on the ground. We're going to be using this BX style wire which is just twelve gage wire with a wrapping of sturdy aluminum on the outside to protect it from the elements. Typically used in household wiring, pretty common at your home improvement center, twelve gage is adequate for a small system like this. Black wire for our positive connection, the white wire will be negative.
It's also called the neutral in an AC system. But for this we can use the white wire as negative, and then the green will go to our frame as a ground. So, we'll just strip a little bit of wire off here. We've got our DC wires already marked coming from the panels. Red, positive and white is negative. So we'll follow that here, again, and strip these wires down. Special wiring comes out of these panels. It's USE rated versus THHN for instance. And this USE wire is UV stabilized so it can actually be out in the sunlight for many years without.
Degrading. We're using the shielded wire here could be in different styles of conduit or even a UV rated wire for a small installation like this. And your bigger grid type connections, all this can be in conduit and the wire choices would be a little more limited because of the high voltages concerned. But here, twelve to forty volts, we're not really as concerned with that as we might be. Still, it's nice to have everything solid. We're going to use our linesmen pliers here to get a nice solid twist on our positive wires and a little wire nut on top of that, snug.
It down. We've got our negative wire here, and you notice I didn't strip these both at the same time. Even through it's only 40 volts, you can still get a pretty decent shock off of these panels. So, it pays to keep the wires separate. In fact, at the other end here, we're not quite ready to make this connection, we should connect down at the bottom first before making this wire completely hot, just for safety. So now, let's leave this for a moment and go down and wire up our charge controller here in the laundry room.
Okapi Fan Control Systems for Solar Collector Air Heaters
These are two 4' x 8' solar air heater panels They only took a few days of work and cost under CA$400 to make The sun shines on the panels on a cold December day But there's a problem. Due to convection, all the heating occurs at the ceiling Which this thermal image clearly confirms If you direct the hot air from the panels to the floor, furniture and other objects You will more efficiently heat the room We solved this problem by using our innovative fan control system After just a couple of hours of solar heating.
How to Install Solar Panels Tools for Installing Solar Energy System
Now let's get a look at the tools we'll need to safely install this job. Well, we've got a couple of noncontact AC and DC warning beepers here. We've got a AC wiggy that tests for voltages up to 600 volts on the AC side. We've got a standard digital volt home meter for various testing purposes, and the more standard tools razor knifes, screwdrivers, diagonal cutters, linesmen pliers for twisting wires, smaller pliers, and of course the wire stripper's always handy. I like to have a level just in case we're mounting some stuff.
And the things you may be able to do without are some of these large. Boy these are big, these are for making battery cables. If you've got the crimps you make your battery cable very professional. But they're kind of expensive, you can do without that for a home installed system. And then, of course, we're going to use some miscellaneous hardware to mount our rails to the roof. We'll have some screws and more crimps to get the batteries and other wiring completed, as well as possibly a little bit of spray paint just to touch up some of.
Burning Stuff With 2000F Solar Power!!
In a previous project I found a free tv and turned it into a giant solar scorcher. This shoots out a deadly beam of sunlight, that's hot enough to abuse food, melt metal and burn things you probably shouldn't. Today seemed like a good day to play with my Solar Scorcher. I positioned my frame and found the focal point, then added some concrete tiles as a base for my projects. Ok, I've got power, and I'll test it out with this piece of wood and when the light makes contact.
I've got instant fire. The sunlight at this spot is around 2000 degrees Fahrenheit, enough to melt this spot of concrete into a glowing orange liquid. I'm curious to see what I can do with all this heat so I've filled a glass bottle with water and I'll punch a hole in the cap. It's incredible to see that the instant I focus my lens on the bottle, it starts smoking. Just a few moments later this water is so hot it's boiling, and I'm a little nervous the bottle might blow. Yep, there it goes. The glass pieces are melting and that's cool,.
But now I want to try this on some food. I'll get some hot dogs, and when they hit the beam they really do get hot. This might be a little well done for my taste, and I'm still hungry so let's try an egg. The egg is actually working very well. It's so reflective it doesn't burn as fast, and even my wife is interested. A little salt and pepper and it's tempting to try a bite. Ok, so I wasn't actually expecting to eat this, but it looks safe enough, and.
Even my kids are anxious to try. Surprisingly, it's pretty good. Alright, let's see what else this will do. I'll try burning a penny, and, wow, it melted. How about a stack of pennies Yep, they're nothing but liquid metal now, and I'm thinking that slag in the mixture must be what's left of the copper coating. It's only taking about 4 seconds to melt these, and melting metal is really great, but now I want to see something burst. I wonder what would happen to this egg It's spewing some kind of debris and smoking like crazy. I hear.
Some little pops and it's even forming some interesting growths. huh, Look at that. But no explosion. How about if I put a pop top on this bottle of water and let the pressure build up Yeah, that's what I'm looking for. Let's do that again. The lid is back on, and pressure is building. Awesome! Alright, the sun is setting and I've readjusted my Aframe. I'm just wondering if this would ignite gasoline. It does. Hopefully it goes without saying that this is very dangerous and you shouldn't try this at home. Well, I'm convinced there's.
An insane amount of power behind these lenses. If you'd like to see where I got this one, take a look at my tutorial on how I hacked it out of an old TV. This one boiled water in less than a minute, welded a nickel to concrete, and instantly torched any piece of wood in it's way. Well that was fun, but I'm still hungry so I'll put everything away and go get some real home cooking. That's it for now. If you liked this project, perhaps you'll like some of my others. Check them out at thekingofrandom.
How to Install Solar Panels Solar Energy System Sizes
Now, we'll talk a little bit about the sizing of these systems. It depends on what you want to actually run, and of course how much money you have. We're going to go on the smaller side, just today. If you're trying to power your whole house, and you had air conditioning, and stoves, and lighting, and computers, and the normal things a normal house has, and you wanted to run it all by solar, you'd be using quite a few of these, or these, and some of the systems we install have up to seventy panels or more, and unfortunately,.
They're maybe a thousand dollars each, so you can see the price goes up, with the amount of load you wish to take over. In our system here, my plan is to take my home office off the grid, and just power up some laptops, and entertainment equipment, so we're going to be using a fairly small system. One or two of these hundred and forty watt panels, charging a bank of perhaps four six volt batteries, and that will give us enough power to run quite a few lights, my laptop, and some entertainment equipment, from the power of the sun.
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